THRONE

THRONE (Heb. כִּסֵּא ,כִּסֵּה ,כֵּס; Dan. כָּרְסֵא; cf. Akk. kussû), an elevated chair symbolizing the importance and supreme authority of the person seated on it. Thrones were usually elaborate, made from the most expensive materials, and adorned with the personal symbols of the king, of the patron gods of the king, or of the land in which he ruled, or with a description of his deeds and the deeds of his forefathers. In general the throne was set up in a special hall in the palace, the throne hall, which was considered the final and most important place which a common man could reach in his lifetime. Both gods and kings are depicted on various monuments as seated on high thrones. With the widespread use of the word "throne" it became equivalent in meaning to the kingdom itself. In the story of Pharaoh and Joseph, Pharaoh emphasizes to his viceroy: "only with respect to the throne shall I be superior to you" (Gen. 41:40b). The establishment of David as king of Israel is described as the establishment of the throne of David (II Sam. 3:10), and the act of occupying the throne came to indicate the succession to the kingship (I Kings 1:46). The God of Israel is described metaphorically as sitting upon a royal throne. That He is all-present is expressed by the figure of speech, "Heaven is My throne and earth My footstool" (Isa. 66:1a). From another point of view, however, Jerusalem is called the throne of the Lord (Jer. 3:17). Only one throne is described in detail in the Bible: the throne of Solomon (I Kings 10:18–20; II Chron. 9:17–19). This throne is described as an elevated seat which had six steps leading up to it. It was made partly of ivory and was overlaid with gold. The throne had a backrest and arms, alongside which were statues of lions. There were also six statues of lions on either side of the steps. According to the Bible no other contemporary king had a similar throne. Most of the royal thrones which are depicted on monuments from the Ancient Near East are elevated, have high backrests and numerous decorations, and together with their footstools constitute each a single entity. A very elaborate throne was found in the tomb of Tutankhamen in Egypt. It is made of wood; its feet are in the shape of lions' feet, and its arms are shaped like lion heads. The back and the sides are decorated with the symbol of the king and of the kingdom (see carter and Mace, in bibl.). The throne of the king of Tyre is depicted on his coffin (see montet , in bibl.). This throne has a handrest decorated with sphinxes with outstretched wings. The throne of the king Barrakab of Samʿal is square and decorated and has no handrests (see von luschan , in bibl.). An Assyrian throne is depicted on the relief of the conquest of Lachish by sennacherib . In this graphic description, the king sits on a high elevated throne and his feet rest on a wooden footstool. The legs of the throne and its other features are carved and ornamented with various decorations. King Darius is depicted sitting on a throne which has no arms but has an upholstered backrest. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Carter and A.C. Mace, The Tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amen, 1 (1923), plates 2, 62, 63; P. Montet, Byblos et l'Egypte… Atlas (1929), plates 128–141; F. von Luschan, Ausgrabungen in Sendschirli, 4 (1911), plate 60. (Ze'ev Yeivin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • throne — THRONE. s. m. Siege eslevé de plusieurs marches, où les Roys sont assis dans les fonctions solemnelles de la Royauté. Throne pompeux. throne magnifique. throne superbe. throne esclatant de pierreries. le throne de Salomon. le throne d Assuerus.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Throne — • The seat the bishop uses when not engaged at the altar Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Throne     Throne     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Throne — Throne, n. [OE. trone, F. tr[^o]ne, L. thronus, Gr. ?; cf. ? a bench, ? a footstool, ? to set one s self, to sit, Skr. dhara[.n]a supporting, dh[.r] to hold fast, carry, and E. firm, a.] 1. A chair of state, commonly a royal seat, but sometimes… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throne — [ θroun ] noun * 1. ) count a special chair that a king or queen sits on 2. ) the throne the position of being a king or queen: an heir to the throne be on the throne: Queen Victoria was still on the throne then. 3. ) the throne HUMOROUS the… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Throne — Throne, v. i. To be in, or sit upon, a throne; to be placed as if upon a throne. Shak. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throne — [θrəun US θroun] n [Date: 1100 1200; : Old French; Origin: trone, from Latin thronus, from Greek thronos] 1.) a special chair used by a king or queen at important ceremonies 2.) the throne the position and power of being a king or queen ▪ He is… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • throne — ► NOUN 1) a ceremonial chair for a sovereign, bishop, or similar figure. 2) (the throne) the power or rank of a sovereign. ► VERB literary ▪ place on a throne. ORIGIN Greek thronos elevated seat …   English terms dictionary

  • Throne — Throne, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Throned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Throning}.] 1. To place on a royal seat; to enthrone. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To place in an elevated position; to give sovereignty or dominion to; to exalt. [1913 Webster] True image of the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throne — mid 13c., from O.Fr. trone (12c.), from L. thronus, from Gk. thronos elevated seat, chair, throne, from PIE root *dher (2) to hold firmly, support (Cf. L. firmus firm, steadfast, strong, stable, Skt. dharma statute, law; see FIRM (Cf. firm)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • throne — [thrōn] n. [ME trone < OFr or L: OFr trone < L thronus < Gr thronos, a seat < IE base * dher , to hold, support > FIRM1] 1. the chair on which a king, cardinal, etc. sits on formal or ceremonial occasions: it usually is on a dais,… …   English World dictionary

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